Timeline for Godalming

 

INDEX

Anglo-Saxon

to 1066

 

Regency

1811-1837

Norman

1066-1154

 

Victorian

1837-1901

Plantagenet

1154-1485

 

Edwardian

1901-1914

Tudor

1485-1603

 

War and Inter-war

1914-1945

Stuart and Commonwealth

1603-1714

 

Post-war

1945-1999

Georgian

1714-1811

 

Third Millennium

2000 onwards

 


Godalming

Year

General History

ANGLO-SAXON

 

Go to index

Anglo-Saxon carved stones in St Peter and St Paul (Godalming Parish Church).

c820-840

 
 

871

Accession of Alfred the Great as King of Wessex.

Defensive Saxon burgh built at Eashing.

Godalming bequeathed by will of Alfred the Great to his nephew. Ethelwald.

c885

Creation of the Anglo Saxon Chronicle.

 

899

Accession of Edward the Elder as King of Wessex.

Rebellion of Ethelwald against Edward the Elder: Godalming reverted to the Crown.

c905

 

The Burghal Hidage lists a burgh at Escingum (Eashing).

920

 
 

924

 

Saxon defence point moved from Eashing Burgh to Guildford.

c940

 
 

1036

Massacre at Guildford of the followers of Alfred (brother of Edward, later to be King Edward the Confessor).

 

NORMAN


Go to index

Godalming held by William I after the Norman Conquest.

 

1066

Accession of King Harold II (January).

Norman Conquest, Accession of King William I (October).

Domesday Book: First mention of Compton, Farncombe, Hambledon, Hurtmore, Littelton, Loseley, Peper Harow, Rodsell, Tuesley and Witley Manors – all split off from the original Godalming Manor.

First mention of the Rectory Manor, as a sub-manor to Godalming – held by Ranulf Flambard.

1086

 

 
 

1087

Accession of King William II.

 

1100

Accession of King Henry I.

The fee of Ranulf Flambard (the Rectory Manor and Tuesley) conveyed to the Dean and Chapter of Salisbury.

1117 or 1128

 

The Manor of Godalming (including the town) passed from the lordship of Edelina de Broc to the Bishops of Salisbury.

1221

 
 

1128

Waverley Abbey founded.

 

1135

Accession of King Stephen.

 

PLANTAGENET


Go to index
 

1154

Accession of King Henry II.

 

1170

Archbishop Thomas Becket murdered.

 

1189

Accession of King Richard I.

 

1199

Accession of King John.

 

1216

Accession of King Henry III.

 

1274

Accession of King Edward I.

Grant of Free Warren in the Manor of Godalming to Nicholas Longespee, Bishop of Salisbury.

1294

 

Charter of Edward I granting to Simon de Gaunt, Bishop of Salisbury, a Monday Market and an Annual Fair at the Feast of SS. Peter and Paul (June 28‑30).

1300

 
 

1307

Accession of King Edward II.

 

1327

Death of King Edward II.

 

1330

Accession of King Edward III.

 

1348

Black Death reaches England.

 

1377

Accession of King Richard II.

 

1399

Accession of King Henry IV.

 

1413

Accession of King Henry V.

 

1429

Accession of King Henry VI.

Robert Glover fined for exercising his craft of whitening leather outside the Market Town.

1440

 

Museum dated by dendrochronology.

1446

 
 

1461

Accession of King Edward IV.

 

1483

Accession of King Richard III.

 

TUDOR


Go to index
 

1485

 

Accession of King Henry VII.

 

1509

Accession of King Henry VIII.

The Manor of Godalming passed to the Crown.

1541

 
 

1547

Accession of King Edward VI.

 

1553

Accession of Queen Mary I.

 

1558

Accession of Queen Elizabeth I.

Godalming constituted a market town by statute.

1563

 

Elizabeth I's Charter of Incorporation. A Wednesday market was granted and an Annual Fair at Candlemas (February 1‑3). John Perrior was first Warden.

1575

 

The Manor of Godalming sold by Queen Elizabeth to Sir George More, of Loseley.

1601

 
 

STUART


Go to index
 

1603

Accession of King James I.

Ordinances and Constitutions of Godalming.

1620

 

Wyatt's Almshouses erected by a bequest from Richard Wyatt of Hall Place, Shackleford to house five poor men of Godalming and five from neighbouring villages.

1622

 
 

1625

Accession of King Charles I.

Henry Smith endowed charities for all Surrey parishes except Mitcham.

1627

 

Visitation of Small Pox.

1636

 

Petition against Dr. Nicholas Andrews.

1640

 

Dr. Nicholas Andrews ejected.

1643

 
 

1646

Surrender of Charles I.

 

1649

Execution of Charles I.

 

1653

Oliver Cromwell became Lord Protector.

 

1658

Richard Cromwell became Lord Protector.

 

1660

Accession of King Charles II.

George Fox, founder of the Quakers, preached at Binscombe.

1665

Great Plague.

Confirmation of the Charter of 1575 by inspeximus of Charles II - this confirmed the earlier creation of eight Assistants to the Warden.

1666

Great Fire of London.

Framework knitting introduced to Godalming.

1682

 
 

1685

Accession of King James II.

Sir Theophilus Oglethorpe purchased Westbrook and the manors of Binscombe and Farncombe.

1688

Accession of King William III and Mary II.

Peter the Great of Russia stayed at the King's Arms.

1698

 
 

1702

Accession of Queen Anne.


GEORGIAN


Go to index
 

1714

Accession of King George I.

Mary Tofts claimed that she had given birth to 18 rabbits.

1726

 
 

1727

Accession of King George II.

General James Oglethorpe founded the Colony of Georgia in America.

1733

 

General James Oglethorpe brought ten Yamacraw Indians to dine at the White Hart.

1734

 

Westbrook fortified by Oglethorpe’s Jacobite sisters.

1740s

 

A Godalming Company of Volunteers formed for defence against the Young Pretender.

1745

 

Portsmouth Road from Kingston to Sheet bridge (Petersfield) converted to a turnpike . This included Old Portsmouth Road, Meadrow, Bridge Street, High Street, Ockford Road and Portsmouth Road.

1749

 
 

1760

Accession of King George III.

French prisoners from Belle Isle Expedition in the Seven Years' War (1756-1763) held in the Market Hall.

1761

 

Wey Navigation extended from Guildford to Godalming. Godalming Wharf opened.

1764

 

Peper Harow built.

1765

 
 

1775

American War of Independence started.

Town Bridge over Wey built (replacing the 'Bishop's Bridge').

1782

 

Unitarian Church opened in Meadrow.

1783

 
 

1789

French Revolution.

Final Enclosure Act for Godalming.

Godalming Volunteer Corps for defence against Napoleon of three Companies of 60 infantrymen

1803

Napoleonic War.

 

1805

Battle of Trafalgar

 

REGENCY


Go to index
 

1811

Prince of Wales appointed Regent.

Predecessor of Godalming Non-Conformist School founded.

1812

Napoleon invaded Russia and lost most of his army in his retreat.

Wey Navigation extended to Arun above Pulborough.

1813/6

 

National School (‘Bell School’) for poor boys and girls established in The Mint.

Godalming Non-Conformist School established on the Causeway.

1813

 

The Old Town Hall (The Pepperpot) rebuilt on the site of the 'Market House' and 'Hundred House'.

Godalming Non-Conformist School renamed British School.

1814

 
 

1815

Battle of Waterloo: End of Napoleonic War.

Visit of Frederick William III of Prussia, the Czar Alexander I and Prince Leopold.

1816

 

Last public hanging in Godalming – on the Lammas Lands.

1818

 
 

1820

Accession of King George IV.

 

1822

William Cobbett started publication of Rural Rides, finally published in book form in 1830.

Act for paving and lighting the Town.

1825

 
 

1830

Liverpool and Manchester Railway: The world's first inter-city passenger railway in which all the trains were timetabled and ticketed.

 

1832

Reform Act.

 

1834

Poor Law Amendment Act introduced Union Workhouses.

Tolpuddle Martyrs transported for forming a union.

Houses of Parliament destroyed by fire.

Reconstitution of the Borough of Godalming under the Municipal Corporations Act.

1835

 

Godalming Police Force established.

Henry Marshall first Mayor of Godalming.

1836

 
 

VICTORIAN


Go to index

Gas Works established at the Wharf.

1837

 

Accession of Queen Victoria.

Milford School founded.

1840

 

Inmates of Godalming Workhouse in Moss Lane moved to Guildford Workhouse.

1841

 

Last ‘view of frankpledge’ (guarantee of good behaviour of people living in each tithing by their tithingmen) held at Godalming.

1842

 

Godalming National School moved from The Mint to Moss Lane.

1843

 

Railway reached Guildford.

1845

Irish Potato Famine.

Control of Deanery Manor passed to the Church Commissioners.

1846

 

Church of St. John the Evangelist consecrated at Farncombe.

London and South Western Railway extended from Guildford to Godalming (Old Station on corner of Meadrow and Chalk Road).

1849

 

Godalming Borough Police Force merged into the Surrey Constabulary.

Julius Caesar (cricketer) first played for England

1851

The Great Exhibition
 

1853

Cholera epidemic in Britain.

Earliest known photograph of Godalming High Street by H C Malden.

1854

Crimean War started.

Crystal Palace opened at Sydenham.

Farncombe National School founded.

Godalming Choral Society formed.

1856

Crimean War ended.

Ockford toll house buried under new railway embankment and toll house moved to Ockford Road.

Nightingale Road Cemetery’s first burial.

1857

 

Godalming Police Force re-established.

1858

Japan opened up after centuries of exclusion.

Railway extended from Godalming to Portsmouth. (Battle of Havant) Godalming Railway station opened.

1859

Publication of On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin.

Godalming Public Hall, Bridge Street opened.

1861

American Civil War started.

Deanery Manor sold off by Church Commissioners. Part purchased by Charterhouse School.

1865

American Civil War ended.

Church of St. John the Baptist, Busbridge, consecrated.

Hascombe School founded.

1867

 

Congregational Church in Bridge Street built.

Busbridge School founded.

1868

 

Most of Great House, Bridge Street burnt down.

1869

Suez Canal opened.

Godalming Voluntary Fire Brigade established.

1870

Forster Act made elementary education available to all children in England and Wales.

Married Women's Property Act.

Franco-Prussian War.

Wey and Arun Canal closed.

1871

 

Charterhouse School moved from London to Godalming.

Godalming British School in Bridge Road rebuilt.

1872

 

Godalming and Farncombe Water Company established.

Gertrude Jekyll moved to Munstead.

1878

 

Frith Hill waterworks built.

1880

 

Electric Lighting experimentally installed. First public electricity supply in the world.

Helen Allingham (artist) moved to Sandhills

1881

 

Godalming reverted to gas street lighting and public electricity ceased

1884

 

Grammar School set up in hall beside the Red Lion.

1885

 

Godalming Police Force merged into Surrey Constabulary for the second time.

1889

 

Jubilee Celebrations

1887

Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee.

Area of Borough of Godalming extended to include Farncombe.

Sewerage treatment plant opened at Unstead.

Rayners Garden Buildings established, still trading in 2012.

1888

Responsibility for turnpikes passed to County Councils.

Godalming Baptist Church built.

Edwin Lutyens first met Gertrude Jekyll, at Seale

1889

 

Whitaker Wright bought Lea Park, now called Witley Park.

1890

Boer War starts.

The Duchess of Albany opened The Meath Home of Comfort for Epileptics, now called The Meath.

1892  

Grant of a Coat of Arms.

1893

 

Godalming formed into two civil parishes, ‘Godalming’ and ‘Godalming Rural’.

New Drainage System established.

Godalming Fire Brigade taken over by the Borough.

Aldous Huxley (author) born in Godalming

1894

 
 

1895

National Trust founded by Octavia Hill, Sir Robert Hunter and Canon Rawnsley.

Godalming Technical Institute opened.

1896

 

Jubilee Celebrations.

Borough Road Pumping Station built.

1897

Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee.

Farncombe Station opened.

1898

 

Small Catholic Church opened in Croft Road.

Hugh Thackeray Turner (Architect) bought site for his house 'Westbrook'

1899

 

Eashing Cemetery’s first burial.

1900

 
 

EDWARDIAN


Go to index

1901

Accession of King Edward VII.

Coronation celebrations.

Generating station built in Borough Road by the Urban Electric Supply Company Limited.

1902

Coronation of King Edward VII

Boer War ends.

Methodist Church (now the United Church) built on the Causeway.

1903

First flight by an aeroplane.

Local Educational Authority took over the British School.

Whitaker Wright committed suicide.

Fire Station built in Queen Street.

1904

 

Farncombe School opened.

Fire at Rea and Fisher's Tannery

1905

 

St Edmund’s Catholic Church built in Croft Road.

1906

 

Town Council moved from Pepperpot to new Council Offices in Bridge Street.

Godalming Council School opened in Meadrow.

1907

 

Suffragists' visit Godalming.

1908

London Olympics.

1910

Accession of King George V.

Coronation celebrations.

Empire Picture Palace opened in Station Road.

Godalming, Farncombe & District Commercial Association (Chamber of Commerce).

Last Court Baron held at the Kings Arms & Royal Hotel in Godalming.

1911

Coronation of King George V.

Jack Phillips, telegraphist on the Titanic.

1912

RMS Titanic sank.

Scott's expedition to the South Pole.

Suffragists march came through Godalming with Gertrude Jekyll's banner following the town band.

1913

 

WAR &
INTER-WAR


Go to index

Phillips Memorial opened. Architect Hugh Thackeray Turner; Planting by Gertrude Jekyll

1914

First World War started.

 

1918

First World War ended.

Spanish 'flu epidemic.

Charles Burgess made Honorary Freeman of the Borough.

1920

 

Public Museum proposed in upper portion of old town hall (Pepperpot).

1921

 

Death of George Mallory on Everest.

The Godalming Carnival to raise money for Surrey County Hospital.

1924

 

New Chapel at Charterhouse.

Milford Village Hall built.

Godalming Operatic Society formed.

1925

 

Godalming Extension Act ‑ Parts of Godalming Rural and Witley included in Borough.

1928

 
 

1929

Wall Street crash.

Godalming County School opened.

Thomas Ethelbert Page made Honorary Freeman of Godalming, second person to hold the honour.

1930

 

Surrey Review Order. Further extension of Borough to include part of Shalford.

1933

 

St. Marks Church and Hall opened on Ockford Ridge

Guildford and Godalming by-pass opened.

1934

 

Jubilee celebrations.

The First Church of Christian Scientist opened in Ockford Road.

The Regal Cinema opened in Meadrow.

1935

King George V's Silver Jubilee.

 

Rotary Club of Godalming formed (now two clubs).

 

1936

Accession and abdication of King Edward VIII.

Accession of King George VI.

Crystal Palace destroyed by fire.

Coronation celebrations.

Godalming Band formed to play for coronation of King George V1.

Railway electrified.

1937

 

Seond World War

The Home Guard set up

1939

Second World War started.

Farncombe Wanderers Cricket Club founded.

1945

World War II ended.

 

POST WAR


Go to index

Godalming Music Festival started

1947

 

Austin Playfoot of Eashing ran with the Olympic torch from Merrow to Guildford.

1948

London Olympics.

Godalming United Football Club formed by former pupils of Godalming Grammar School.

1950

 

Pullman’s leather mill closed.

Wilfrid Noyce was a member of the team that climbed Everest.

Winkworth Arboretum passed to National Trust by Wilfrid Fox.

1952

Accession of Queen Elizabeth II.

Everest climbed for first time.

 

Coronation celebrations.

Godalming & District Scouts formed.

1953

Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.

Round Table founded.

1954

 

Wilfrid Noyce killed while climbing the Himalayas – Wilfrid Noyce Centre opened.

1962

 

High Street renumbered.

1964

 

Godalming Masonic Hall Association formed by the Lodges that met in Queen Street, Godalming.

Godalming railway station received a facelift, courtesy of a joint venture between British Rail and the Friary Brewery.

1965

 

Widespread flooding by the Wey.

1968

The Great Flood.

Godalming Wool Fayre.

1970

 

Bury’s designated public open space.

1973

 

Godalming Borough became part of Waverley Borough.

Godalming Swimming Pool at Broadwater opened.

1974

 

Bargate Wood Estate planning permission given and completed in 1980s.

1976

 

Jubilee Celebrations.

Waverley Borough twinned with the Mayen-Koblenz district of Germany.

1977

Queen Elizabeth II's Silver Jubilee.

Godalming Youth Orchestra formed.

1979

 

Godalming Photographic Club formed.

Waverley Council offices opened.

1980

 

Centenary of Public Electricity.

1981  

Beaver Scouts started.

Godalming twinned with Mayen.

1982

 

Godalming twinned with Joigny.

Godalming Lions Club founded.

1984

 

Hurricane in Godalming.

1987

Hurricane hits Britain.

Godalming Relief Road, Flambards Way, opened.

1991

 

Go Godalming founded.

1994

 

First Heritage Open Day.

1996  

THIRD
MILLENNIUM


Go to index

Millennium Celebrations

2000

Millennium Celebrations

 

2001

World Trade Centre destroyed.

 

2002

Queen Elizabeth II's Golden Jubilee.

Music in the Park Concerts commenced.

2005

 

Keeping Memories Alive, a community project, started.

2006

 

GOLO first independent town society lottery started.

2008

 

Jubilee celebrations.

2012

Queen Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee

 

 

Return to What to see and do, Images of Godalming or Education