Timeline for Godalming

 

INDEX

Anglo-Saxon

Norman

Plantagenet

Tudor

Stuart and Commonwealth

Georgian

Regency

Victorian

Edwardian

War and Inter-war

Post-war

Third Millennium

 

ANGLO-SAXON

c820-840

Anglo-Saxon carved stones in St Peter and St Paul (Godalming Parish Church)

 

c.885

Defensive Saxon Burgh built at Eashing

 

c900

Godalming bequeathed by Will of Alfred the Great to his nephew, Ethelwald.

 

c905

Rebellion of Ethelwald against Edward the Elder: Godalming reverted to the Crown.

 

920

The Burghal Hidage lists a burgh at Escingum (Eashing)

 

c940

Saxon defence point moved from Eashing Burgh to Guildford

 

NORMAN

1066

Norman Conquest, Accession of King William I

Godalming held by William I after the Norman Conquest.

 

1086

Domesday Book: First mention of Compton, Farncombe, Hambledon, Hurtmore, Littelton, Loseley, Peper Harow, Rodsell, Tuesley and Witley Manors – all split off from the original Godalming Manor.

First mention of the Rectory Manor, as a sub-manor to Godalming – held by Ranulf Flambard.

 

1087

Accession of King William II

 

1100

Accession of King Henry I

 

1117 or 1128

The fee of Ranulf Flambard (the Rectory Manor and Tuesley) conveyed to the Dean and Chapter of Salisbury.

 

1221

The Manor of Godalming (including the town) passed from the lordship of Edelina de Broc to the Bishops of Salisbury.

 

1128

Waverley Abbey founded

 

1135

Accession of King Stephen

 

PLANTAGENET

1154

Accession of King Henry II

 

1170

Archbishop Thomas Becket murdered

 

1189

Accession of King Richard I

 

1199

Accession of King John

 

1216

Accession of King Henry III

 

1274

Accession of King Edward I

 

1294

Grant of Free Warren in the Manor of Godalming to Nicholas Longespee, Bishop of Salisbury.

 

1300

Charter of Edward I granting to Simon de Gaunt, Bishop of Salisbury, a Monday Market and an Annual Fair at the Feast of SS. Peter and Paul (June 28‑30).

 

1307

Accession of King Edward II

 

 

1327

Death of King Edward II

 

1330

Accession of King Edward III

 

1348

Black Death reaches England

 

1377

Accession of King Richard II

 

1399

Accession of King Henry IV

 

1413

Accession of King Henry V

 

1429

Accession of King Henry VI

 

1440

Robert Glover fined for exercising his craft of whitening leather outside the Market Town.

 

1446

Museum dated by dendrochronology

 

1461

Accession of King Edward IV

 

1483

Accession of King Richard III

 

TUDOR

1485

Accession of King Henry VII

 

1509

Accession of King Henry VIII

 

1541

The Manor of Godalming passed to the Crown.

 

1547

Accession of King Edward VI

 

1553

Accession of Queen Mary I

 

1558

Accession of Queen Elizabeth I

 

1563

Godalming constituted a market town by statute.

 

1575

Elizabeth I's Charter of Incorporation.  A Wednesday market was granted and an Annual Fair at Candlemas (February 1‑3). John Perrior was first Warden.

 

1601

The Manor of Godalming sold by Queen Elizabeth to Sir George More, of Loseley.

 

STUART

1603

Accession of King James I

 

1620

Ordinances and Constitutions of Godalming.

 

1622

Wyatt's Almshouses erected by a bequest from Richard Wyatt of Hall Place, Shackleford to house five poor men of Godalming and five from neighbouring villages.

 

1625

Accession of King Charles I

 

1627

Henry Smith endowed charities for all Surrey parishes except Mitcham.

 

1636

Visitation of Small Pox.

 

1640

Petition against Dr. Nicholas Andrews

 

1643

Dr. Nicholas Andrews ejected.

 

1646

Surrender of Charles I

 

1649

Execution of Charles I

 

1653

Oliver Cromwell became Lord Protector

 

1658

Richard Cromwell became Lord Protector

 

1660

Accession of King Charles II

 

1665

Great Plague

George Fox, founder of the Quakers, preached at Binscombe.

 

1666

Great Fire of London

Confirmation of the Charter of 1575 by inspeximus of Charles 11 – this confirmed the earlier creation of eight Assistants to the Warden.

 

1682

Framework knitting introduced to Godalming

 

1685

Accession of King James II

 

1688

Accession of King William III and Mary II

Sir Theophilus Oglethorpe purchased Westbrook and the manors of Binscombe and Farncombe.

 

1698

Peter the Great of Russia stayed at the King's Arms.

 

1702

Accession of Queen Anne

 

GEORGIAN

1714

Accession of King George I

 

1726

Mary Tofts claimed that she had given birth to 18 rabbits.

 

1727

Accession of King George II

 

1733

General James Oglethorpe founded the Colony of Georgia in America.

 

1734

General James Oglethorpe brought 10 Yamacraw Indians to dine at the White Hart.

 

1740s

Westbrook fortified by Oglethorpe’s Jacobite sisters.

 

1745

A Godalming Company of Volunteers formed for defence against the Young Pretender.

 

1749

Portsmouth Road from Kingston to Sheet bridge (Petersfield) converted to a turnpike . This included Old Portsmouth Road, Meadrow, Bridge Street, High Street, Ockford Road and Portsmouth Road

 

1760

Accession of King George III

 

1761

French prisoners from Belle Isle Expedition in the Seven Years' War (1756-1763) held in the Market Hall

 

1764

Wey Navigation extended from Guildford to Godalming. Godalming Wharf opened.

 

1765

Peper Harow built.

 

1775

American War of Independence started

 

1782

Town Bridge over Wey built (replacing the "Bishop's Bridge”)

 

1783

Unitarian Church opened in Meadrow

 

1789

French Revolution

 

1803

Napoleonic War

Final Enclosure Act for Godalming.

Godalming Volunteer Corps for defence against Napoleon of 3 Companies of 60 infantrymen.

 

1805

Battle of Trafalgar

 

REGENCY

1811

Prince of Wales appointed Regent

Mullard Funerals established, still trading 2012

 

1812

Napoleon invaded Russia and lost most of his army in his retreat

Predecessor of Godalming Non-Conformist School founded

 

1813/6

Wey Navigation extended to Arun above Pulborough

 

1813

National School (‘Bell School’) for poor boys and girls established in The Mint.

Godalming Non-Conformist School established on the Causeway.

 

1814

The Old Town Hall (The Pepperpot) rebuilt on the site of the “Market House” and " Hundred House."

Godalming Non-Conformist School renamed  British School

 

1815

Battle of Waterloo: End of Napoleonic War

 

1816

Visit of Frederick William III of Prussia, the Czar Alexander I and Prince Leopold.

 

1818

Last public hanging in Godalming – on the Lammas Lands

 

1820

Accession of King George IV

 

1822

William Cobbett started publication of Rural Rides, finally published in book form in 1830

 

 

1825

Act for paving and lighting the Town.

 

1830

Liverpool  and Manchester Railway: The world's first inter-city passenger railway in which all the trains were timetabled and ticketed.

 

 

1832

Reform Act

 

 

1834

Poor Law Amendment Act introduced Union Workhouses

Tolpuddle Martyrs transported for forming a union

Houses of Parliament destroyed by fire

 

 

1835

Reconstitution of the Borough of Godalming under the Municipal Corporations Act.

 

1836

Godalming Police Force established

Henry Marshall first Mayor of Godalming

 

VICTORIAN

1837

Accession of Queen Victoria

Gas Works established at the Wharf.

 

1840

Milford School founded

 

1841

Inmates of Godalming Workhouse in Moss Lane moved to Guildford Workhouse

 

1842

Last ‘view of frankpledge’ (guarantee of good behaviour of people living in each tithing by their tithingmen) held at Godalming.

 

1843

Godalming National School moved from The Mint to Moss Lane

 

1845

Irish Potato Famine

Railway reached Guildford

 

1846

Control of Deanery Manor passed to the Church Commissioners

 

1849

Church of St. John the Evangelist consecrated at Farncombe.

London and South Western Railway extended from Guildford to Godalming (Old Station on corner of Meadrow and Chalk Road).

 

1851

The Great Exhibition

Godalming Borough Police Force merged into the Surrey Constabulary

Julius Caesar (cricketer) first played for England

 

1853

Cholera epidemic in Britain

 

1854

Crimean War started

Crystal Palace opened at Sydenham

Earliest known photograph of Godalming High Street by H C Malden

 

1856

Crimean War ended

Farncombe National School founded.

Godalming Choral Society formed

 

1857

Ockford toll house buried under new railway embankment and toll house moved to Ockford Road (CHECK DATE)

Nightingale Road Cemetery’s first burial

 

1858

Japan opened up after centuries of exclusion

Godalming Police Force re-established

 

 

1859

Publication of On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin

Railway extended from Godalming to Portsmouth. (Battle of Havant) Godalming Railway station opened

 

1861

American Civil War started

Godalming Public Hall, Bridge Street opened

 

1865

American Civil War ended

Deanery Manor sold off by Church Commissioners.  Part purchased by Charterhouse School.

 

1866

Postbox designed by J W Penfold introduced

 

1867

Church of St. John the Baptist, Busbridge, consecrated.

Hascombe School founded

 

1868

Congregational Church in Bridge Street built.

Busbridge School founded

 

1869

Suez Canal opened

Most of Great House, Bridge Street burnt down

 

1870

Forster Act made elementary education available to all children in England and Wales

Married Women's Property Act

Franco-Prussian War

Godalming Voluntary Fire Brigade established

 

1871

Wey & Arun Canal closed

 

1872

Charterhouse School moved from London to Godalming.

Godalming British School in Bridge Road rebuilt

 

1878

Godalming and Farncombe Water Company established

Gertrude Jekyll moved to Munstead

 

1880

Frith Hill waterworks built

 

1881

Electric Lighting experimentally installed. First public electricity in the world

Helen Allingham (artist) moved to Sandhills

 

1885

Grammar School set up in hall beside the Red Lion.

 

1887

Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee

Jubilee Celebrations

 

1888

Responsibility for turnpikes passed to County Councils

Area of Borough of Godalming extended to include Farncombe.

Sewerage treatment plant opened at Unstead

Rayners Garden Buildings established, still trading in 2012

 

1889

Godalming Baptist Church built

Godalming Police Force merged into Surrey Constabulary for the second time

Edwin Lutyens first met Gertrude Jekyll, at Seale

 

1890

Whitaker Wright bought Lea Park, now called Witley Park.

 

1891

George Frederic Watts moved to Compton

 

1892

The Duchess of Albany opened The Meath Home of Comfort for Epileptics, now The Meath

 

1893

Grant of a Coat of Arms.

 

1894

Godalming formed into two civil parishes, ‘Godalming’ and ‘Godalming Rural’.

New Drainage System established.

Godalming Fire Brigade taken over by the Borough

Aldous Huxley (author) born in Godalming

 

1895

National Trust founded by Octavia Hill, Sir Robert Hunter and Canon Rawnsley

 

1896

Godalming Technical Institute opened.

 

1897

Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee

Jubilee Celebrations

Borough Road Pumping Station built

 

1898

Farncombe Station opened.

 

1899

Boer War starts

Small Catholic Church opened in Croft Road

Hugh Thackeray Turner (Architect) bought site for his house 'Westbrook'

 

1900

Eashing Cemetery’s first burial

 

EDWARDIAN

1901

Accession of King Edward VII

 

 

1902

Boer War ends

Coronation celebrations

Generating station built in Borough Road by the Urban Electric Supply Company Limited CHECK DATE

 

1903

First flight by an aeroplane

Methodist Church (now the United Church) built on the Causeway

 

1904

Local Educational Authority took over the British School

Whitaker Wright committed suicide

Fire Station built in Queen Street

 

1905

Farncombe School opened.

 

1906

St Edmund’s Catholic Church built in Croft Road

 

1907

Town Council moved from Pepperpot to new Council Offices in Bridge Street CHECK DATE

Godalming Council School opened in Meadrow

 

1908

London Olympics

Suffragists' visit Godalming

 

1910

Accession of King George V

 

1911

Coronation of King George V

Coronation celebrations

Empire Picture Palace opened in Station Road

Godalming, Farncombe & District Commercial Association (Chamber of Commerce)

Last Court Baron held at the Kings Arms & Royal Hotel in Godalming.

 

1912

RMS Titanic sank

Scott's expedition to the South Pole

Jack Phillips, telegraphist on the Titanic

Alan Paine knitwear company founded, outlet still trading 2012

 

1913

Suffragists march came through Godalming with Gertrude Jekyll's banner following the town band

 

WAR &
INTER-WAR

1914

World War I started

Phillips Memorial opened. Architect Hugh Thackeray Turner; Planting by Gertrude Jekyll

 

1918

World War I ended

Spanish 'flu epidemic

 

1919

Hart Brown founded, still in business 2012

 

1920

Charles Burgess made Honorary Freeman of the Borough

 

1921

Public Museum proposed in upper portion of old town hall (Pepperpot)

 

1924

Death of George Mallory on Everest

Carnival to raise money for Surrey County Hospital

 

1925

New Chapel at Charterhouse.

Milford Village Hall built

Godalming Operatic Society formed

 

1928

Godalming Extension Act‑Parts of Godalming Rural and Witley included in Borough. CHECK DATE (?1929)

 

1929

Wall Street crash

 

1930

Godalming County School opened.

Thomas Ethelbert Page made Honorary Freeman of Godalming, second person to hold the honour,

 

1933

Surrey Review Order. Further extension of Borough to include part of Shalford.

 

1934

St. Marks Church and Hall opened on Ockford Ridge

Guildford & Godalming By-Pass opened.

1935

King George V's Silver Jubilee

Jubilee celebrations

The Regal Cinema opened in Meadrow

The First Church of Christian Scientist opened in Ockford Road

Roffe Swayne established still trading in 2012

 

1936

Accession and abdication of King Edward VIII

Accession of King George VI

Crystal Palace destroyed by fire

Rotary Club of Godalming formed (now 2 clubs)

 

1937

Coronation celebrations

Godalming Band formed to play for coronation of King George V1

RFD founded by Reginald  Foster Dagnall

Railway Electrified

 

1939

World War II started

 

1945

World War II ended

Farncombe Wanderers Cricket Club founded

 

POST WAR

1948

London Olympics

Austin Playfoot of Eashing ran with the Olympic torch from Merrow to Guildford

 

1950

Godalming United Football Club formed by former pupils of Godalming Grammar School.

 

1952

Accession of Queen Elizabeth II

Everest climbed for first time.

Pullman’s leather mill closed

Wilfrid Noyce was a member of the team that climbed Everest

Winkworth Arboretum passed to National Trust by Wilfrid Fox

 

1953

Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II

Coronation celebrations

Godalming & District Scouts formed

 

1954

Round Table founded

 

1955

Heath-Bullock Antiques established, still trading 2012

 

1958

Record Corner shop in Pound Lane, still trading in 2012

 

1962

Wilfrid Noyce killed while climbing the Himalayas – Wilfrid Noyce Centre opened.

 

1964

High Street renumbered

 

1965

GodalmingMasonic Hall Association formedby the Lodges that met in Queen Street, Godalming

Godalming railway station received a facelift, courtesy of a joint venture between British Rail and the Friary Brewery

 

1967

Genesis band formed

 

1968

The Great Flood

Widespread flooding by the Wey

 

1969

Waitrose opened, still trading 2012

Doctors’ practice at The Square, High Street formed by Dr N.H.Harwood-Yarred, Dr M.E.Woolrych, Dr R.M.Butcher, and Dr.D.R.Edbrooke.

 

1970

Godalming Wool Fayre

 

1972

Speedwell Taxis established, still trading 2012

 

1973

Bury’s designated public open space

 

1974

Godalming Borough became part of Waverley Borough

Godalming Swimming Pool at Broadwater opened

 

1976

Bargate Wood Estate planning permission given and completed in 1980’s

 

1977

Queen Elizabeth II's Silver Jubilee

Jubilee Celebrations

Waverley Borough twinned with the Mayen-Koblenz district of Germany

Godalming twinned with Mayen

 

1978

Wakelin & Day (Chartered Accountants) established, still trading 2012

 

1979

Godalming Youth Orchestra formed

 

1980

Godalming Photographic Club formed

Waverley Council offices opened

 

1981

Centenary of Public Electricity

 

1982

Beaver Scouts started

 

1984

Godalming twinned with Joigny

Godalming Lions Club founded

 

1986

Burns & Webber founded, still trading 2012

 

1987

Hurricane hits Britain

Hurricane

 

1991

Godalming Relief Road, Flambards Way, opened

 

1994

Go Godalming founded

 

1996

First Heritage Open Day

 

THIRD
MILLENNIUM

2001

World Trade Centre destroyed

 

2002

Queen Elizabeth II's Golden Jubilee

 

2005

Music in the Park Concerts commenced

 

2006

Keeping Memories Alive, a community project started

 

2008

GOLO first independent town society lottery started

 

2012

Queen Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee

Lo